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Africa North
Abdul Jalil has second thoughts on restoring the monarchy
[Libya Herald] The former head of the Transitional National Council Mustafa Abdul Jalil has changed his mind about restoring the monarchy as the only answer to stabilising Libya. He has now decided that as an alternative, Field Marshal Khalifa Hafter could be president.

Four days ago, speaking in a TV interview, Abdul Jalil suggested that the restoration of the former monarchy under Prince Mohammed al-Rida al-Senussi provided the best way of stabilising the country. He appears to still hold that view but says in his latest interview on the Hadith al-Arab channel that if a restoration is not possible, then there are others who would make acceptable presidents.

One is Hafter, another is Jadallah Azzouz Talhi.

Talhi’s name was one of 12 proposed by the House of Representatives to the UN-brokered Libya Dialogue in September 2015 for consideration as Libya’s next prime minister.

it was a brave man who first ate an oyster...
the twice former General Secretary of the People’s Committee under Qadaffy and then foreign minister until 1990 is said to be in ill health and not interested to become involved in politics again. From eastern Libya but educated in Belgium (and a translator of French books into Arabic), he was appointed minister for strategic industries at the beginning of the 2000s. From the beginning of 2008 to the end of 2009, he was Libya’s UN ambassador.

For his part, Hafter is known to see himself as Libya’s future head of state but while strongly supported in parts of the country he is also seen as a divisive
...politicians call things divisive when when the other side sez something they don't like. Their own statements are never divisive, they're principled...
character who could never unite the country behind him.


Home Front: WoT
Clinton State Department approved U.S. weapons shipment to Libya despite ban
[Wash Times] The State Department initially approved a weapons shipment from a California company to Libyans seeking to oust Moammar Gadhafi in 2011 even though a United Nations arms ban was in place, according to memos recovered from the burned-out compound in Benghazi.

The documents, obtained by The Washington Times, show U.S. diplomats at the Benghazi compound were keeping track of several potential U.S.-sanctioned shipments to allies, one or more of which were destined for the Transitional National Council, the Libyan movement that was seeking to oust Gadhafi and form a new government.

At least one of those shipments, kept in a file marked "arms deal," was supposed to come from Dolarian Capital Inc. of Fresno, California, according to an end use certificate from the State Department's office of defense trade controls licensing that was contained in the file.

The shipment was to include rocket launchers, grenade launchers, 7,000 machine guns and 8 million rounds of ammunition, much of it new and inexpensive hardware originally produced in the former Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe, according to an itemized list included in the end use certificate.

Dolarian Capital, part of a small network of U.S. arms merchants that has worked with U.S. intelligence, confirmed one of its licensing requests to ship weapons via Kuwait to Libya was approved by the State Department in spring 2011 and then inexplicably revoked before the armaments were sent.

A bit more on Dolarian.

Hadi considers Aden not Sana'a as Yemen capital: Aide
[Iran Press TV] Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi regards the southern port city of Aden as the Arab country's capital, an aide says.

The aide, quoting Hadi, said on Saturday that Aden became the capital of the Arab country when the Houthi
...a Zaidi Shia insurgent group operating in Yemen. They have also been referred to as the Believing Youth. Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi is said to be the spiritual leader of the group and most of the military leaders are his relatives. The Yemeni government has accused the Houthis of having ties to the Iranian government, which wouldn't suprise most of us. The group has managed to gain control over all of Saada Governorate and parts of Amran, Al Jawf and Hajjah Governorates. Its slogan is God is Great, Death to America™, Death to Israel, a curse on the Jews ...
fighters took control of Sana'a last September.

The Yemeni president's claim is totally symbolic as moving the capital requires a change in the Arab country's constitution.

Some Persian Gulf Arab states have already relocated their embassies from Sana'a to Aden.

Hadi, along with the cabinet of Prime Minister Khaled Bahah, stepped down in late January, but the Yemeni parliament did not approve the president's resignation.

Last month, the Houthi Ansarullah movement dissolved the parliament and announced a constitutional declaration on the Transitional National Council.

The constitutional declaration said that the council will be set up to elect the presidential council in a bid to end the country's persisting political deadlock.

Africa North
Libyan Militiamen Battle Government Forces in Benghazi
[VOA News] The Libyan government declared a state of emergency in the country's eastern port city of Benghazi Monday after heavy festivities between the Libyan army and members of an Islamist group believed to be behind last year's attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission. At least seven soldiers were reported killed and more than 39 people maimed.

Heavy artillery and rocket fire shook parts of Benghazi Monday as Islamist Death Eaters continued to battle an army brigade loyal to the government. Libyan government television showed civilian victims of the fighting at a Benghazi hospital being treated for gunshot and shrapnel wounds.

Fighting has been going on since late Sunday between government forces and fighters from Ansar al-Sharia
...a Salafist militia which claims it is not part of al-Qaeda, even though it works about the same and for the same ends. There are groups of the same name in Tunisia and Yemen, with the Tunisian version currently most active...
, whose members stand accused by U.S. authorities of having participated in the 2012 attack on the U.S. consulate that led to the deaths of four Americans including U.S. Ambassador Chris Stephens.

Militiamen attacked an army patrol near a mosque in the central Birqa district of the city. A number of government soldiers were killed in the attack.

Incoming Interior Minister Sabri Abdel Karim told a presser in the capital, Tripoli
...a confusing city, one end of which is located in Lebanon and the other end of which is the capital of Libya. Its chief distinction is being mentioned in the Marine Hymn...
, that the government is demanding Death Eaters leave Benghazi and that the Libyan Army and police hope to assume control of the city.

He said the fighting in Benghazi demonstrates the need to enforce a government decree requiring all armed militias to withdraw from the city and hand over control to the police and army. He said the armed forces must be allowed to fulfill their legal role and impose order.

Members of Libya's National Assembly representing Benghazi met to discuss the fighting, urging militias to pull out of the city and other cities across the country. Deputy Parliament Speaker Ezzedine al-Awami urged the parties to use reason and behave responsibly.

He called on a government resolution to be enforced that mandates militias to withdraw from Libyan cities. He asked civic leaders to engage in mediation with the parties in order to restore order.

The fighting in Benghazi came just a day after an official visit by Libya's interim Prime Minister Ali Zeidan to London, where he met with U.S. Secretary of State John F. I was in Vietnam, you know Kerry
Former Senator-for-Life from Massachussetts, self-defined war hero, speaker of French, owner of a lucky hat, conqueror of Cambodia, and current Secretary of State...
and British Foreign Secretary William Hague. Zeidan said that Libya is trying to achieve democracy:

He said that the plan is to put an end to armed militias and is a move in the direction of democracy. He says it answers the demands of the Libyan people whose blood was spilled in the quest for democracy.

Abdel Hafiz Gogha, front man for Libya's former Transitional National Council, told state television
... and if you can't believe state television who can you believe?
that Death Eaters were "running amok" in Benghazi and that the interim government should have found a way to disarm them sooner.

Human rights activist Zahra Lanfy told state television
... and if you can't believe state television who can you believe?
that a plan is needed to "incorporate young fighters into the army and other government institutions."

Along the outskirts of the capital Tripoli, an armed militia with reported ties to former Libyan leader Muammar Qadaffy
...The late megalomaniac dictator of Libya, admired everywhere for his garish costumes, funny hats, harem of cutie bodyguards, and incoherent ravings. As far as is known, he is the only person who's ever declared jihad on Switzerland...
seized control of a government arms depot, causing panic in several neighborhoods.

Africa North
Militias may drag Libya into civil war
Bet you never saw that one coming...
TRIPOLI, Libya -- Libya risks sliding into civil war unless it cracks down on the rival militias that filled the vacuum left by Moammar Gaddafi's downfall, the head of the interim administration said after an outbreak of violence in the capital.

Mustafa Abdel Jalil, chairman of the Transitional National Council, issued the stark warning in response to a gun battle between militias in one of Tripoli's busiest streets Tuesday that killed four fighters.

More than two months after anti-Gaddafi forces captured and killed the former leader, Libya's new rulers are still struggling to exert their authority as rival militia leaders refuse to cede control of their fighters and hand in their arms.
Since they live in a part of the world in which trusting a national government to protect their interests doesn't especially work well, unless you're the head cheese of the national government.
"We are now between two bitter options," Abdel Jalil told a gathering in the eastern city of Benghazi late Tuesday. Either "we deal with these violations strictly and put the Libyans in a military confrontation that we don't accept," he said, "or we split, and there will be a civil war."
A split into Triplitania and Cyrenaica might not be such a bad idea, except each of those then would split into about 29 different unstable mini-states...
The militias, drawn from dozens of towns and ideological camps, led the nine-month uprising, backed by NATO airstrikes, to end Gaddafi's 42-year rule. Now, though, they appear to believe they must keep an armed presence in the capital to ensure they receive their share of political power.
For good reason, apparently.
The transitional council has begun to form a fully functioning army and police force to take over the task of providing security, although Abdel Jalil has acknowledged that progress has been too slow.

Tripoli is now an unruly patchwork of fiefdoms, each controlled by a different militia. Police are rarely seen, except when directing traffic, and there is no sign of the newly created national army.
That's what Jalil means by 'too slow'...
The city has two main homegrown militias. One is led by Abdel Hakim Belhadj, an Islamist who spent time in Taliban camps in Afghanistan and now runs his militia from a luxury Tripoli hotel. The other is headed by Abdullah Naker, a former electronics engineer who is openly disdainful of Belhadj.
Much mustache cursing ensues, apparently...
There are also the militias from outside town. Fighters from Zintan, an anti-Gaddafi bastion southwest of the capital, control the international airport.

Militias from the city of Misurata, east of Tripoli, have mostly withdrawn from central Tripoli but keep a presence in the eastern outskirts. Fighters from the Berber, or Amazigh, ethnic minority mark out their territory with their blue, green and yellow flags. Another set of fighters from the east of Libya, the original heartland of the anti-Gaddafi revolt, add to the mix.

Africa North
US Group Had Offered to Help Al Qathafi for a Hefty Fee
[Tripoli Post] To a colourful group of Americans - the Washington terrorism expert, the veteran CIA officer, the Republican operative, the Kansas City lawyer - the Libyan gambit last March looked like a rare business opportunity, is how The New York Times
...which still proudly displays Walter Duranty's Pulitzer prize...
introduced am interesting report, entitled: Group in US Hoped for Big Payday in Offer to Help Al Qadaffy
... who is now napping peacefully in the dirt...

It goes on to report that even as NATO
...the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. A collection of multinational and multilingual and multicultural armed forces, all of differing capabilities, working toward a common goal by pulling in different directions...
bombed Libya, the Americans offered to make Col. Muammar Al Qadaffy their client - and charge him a hefty consulting fee. Their price: a $10 million retainer before beginning negotiations with Colonel Al Qadaffy's representatives.

The newspaper reported that a draft contract, with capital letters for emphasis, had been prepared that said: "The fees and payments set forth in this contract are MINIMUM NON-REFUNDABLE FEES. The fees are an inducement for the ATTORNEYS AND ADVISORS to take the case and nothing else."

Neil C. Livingstone, 65, the terrorism specialist and consultant, told NYT that he helped put together the deal after hearing that one of Al Qadaffy's sons, Seif al-Islam was interested in an exit strategy for the family. Mr Livingstone said that he and his partners were not going to work for free. "We were not an eleemosynary organization," he told the US daily.

Mr. Livingstone, a television commentator and prolific author moved home to Montana this year to try a run for governor. He said he had long been a vocal critic of the former Libyan dictator and was briefly tossed in the slammer by the Libyan regime on a visit to Libya in the 1970s. The goal of the consulting deal, he insisted, was not to save Al Qadaffy but to prevent a bloodbath in Libya by creating a quick way out for the ruler and his family.

"The idea was to find them an Arabic-speaking sanctuary and let them keep some money, in return for getting out," he said. The consultants promised to help free billions of dollars in blocked Libyan assets by steering the government into compliance with United Nations
...an international organization whose stated aims of facilitating interational security involves making sure that nobody with live ammo is offended unless it's a civilized country...

But the Americans did not get the Treasury Department license they needed to accept payment from Libya, which was then subject to sanctions.

Now the confidential documents describing the proposed deal have surfaced on the Internet.

The papers revealed a three-page letter addressed to Al Qadaffy on April 17 by another partner in the proposed deal, a Belgian named Dirk Borgers, who offered the former Libyan leader the lobbying services of what he called the "American Action Group" to outmanoeuvre the rebels and win United States government support.

Noting that the rebels' Transitional National Council was gaining control of Libyan assets abroad, and attaching a registration form showing that the rebels had engaged their own lobbyists, Mr. Borgers said it was time for Al Qadaffy to fight back with his own Washington representatives.

"Our group of Libyan sympathisers is extremely worried about this and we would like to help to block the actions of your international enemies and to support a normal working relationship with the United States Government," the letter said. "Therefore it is absolutely required to speak officially and with one strong voice with the American Government."

Mr. Borgers. 68, ended the letter with the words "Your Obedient Servants," signing his own name and adding those of the four Americans.

In the letter, Mr. Borgers described Mr Livingstone in the proposal as the "recognised best American anti-terrorism expert"..

But Mr. Livingstone told the NYT that he had never seen the letter before this week and that it distorted his intentions. "That doesn't reflect our view at all," Mr. Livingstone said. "Our whole goal was to get the Al Qadaffys out of there as fast as possible."

Another member of the proposed American team is Marty Martin, a former Central Intelligence Agency officer who led the agency's Al Qaeda department from 2002 to 2004 and retired from the CIA in 2007. He said he too, was chagrined to see Mr. Borgers's letter this week.

Mr Marting was reported saying: "We were not there to be lobbyists for Al Qatahafi. I was not told anything about that letter."

The other American partners were Neil S. Alpert, who had worked for the Republican National Committee and the pro-Israel lobbying group the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, and Kansas City lawyer Randell K. Wood who, according to the report, has represented Libyan officials and organizations since the 1980s. (Neither Mr. Alpert nor Mr. Wood would comment)

Reached at his home in Belgium by the newspaper, Mr. Borgers, dismissed his former partners' complaints about his letter to Colonel Al Qadaffy - though he said he "might not" have shared its text with them.

"Let's not argue about semantics," he said. He was in Tripoli at the time, he said, watching the chaos and violence escalate, and he thought Al Qadaffy should remain in power at least until an election could be held. He said he, too, wanted to "stop the butchering," but he offered a positive spin on Al Qadaffy's record.

"I don't think he was that brutal a dictator," Mr. Borgers said. "He created a country out of nothing over 42 years. He created a very good lifestyle for the people."

Of the $10 million fee the group sought, Mr. Borgers said, "The aim was not to make money." On the other hand, he added, "If you want to put up a serious operation in Washington, I think you need at least $10 million."

Mr. Borgers said he was a project engineer who had worked on infrastructure projects in many countries. He added that he was told by Libyan officials a week after sending his letter to Al Qadaffy that the proposal had been rejected. He said he had no idea if the former leader saw it.

Seven months after the $10 million deal that was not to be, Al Qadaffy is dead, while his son Seif al-Islam is believed to be in hiding. Mr. Livingstone is focused on the problems of Montana, and Mr. Borgers said he was "trying to retire."

Africa North
Libyan troops demand pay in time for Eid
BENGHAZI: Armed troops who helped bring down the Qaddafi regime were on the streets of Benghazi on Thursday demanding they be paid. They said that they had not received any money since the revolution started in February.
The former tyrant cut down the money tree grove before he ran off, guys. The new guys have been planting as fast as they can. But it takes a while until they're big enough to bear fruit, even when watered with oil.
They also claimed that at least 10 injured colleagues at the city's main Jalaa hospital were not receiving proper treatment.

At one point in the afternoon, a group of about 150 in angry mood blocked access to the city's Uzu hotel, home to a number of foreign journalists. It was the second time during the day that protesters targeted the hotel.

"The Qaddafi regime at least paid its soldiers," one of the protesters, a member of the city's Tahrir brigade, said. "Because we're volunteers, we don't get anything."
He said that he had not received anything since Feb. 17, the day the revolution started.
You revolted, so you stopped doing the job Khaddafy paid you for, and you volunteered -- again, by definition volunteers do not get paid.
"The majlis (the Transitional National Council -- TNC) simply changed the flag and the anthem. That's all," spat out an even angrier brigade member. "We want our rights," he shouted. Another added that colleagues had remonstrated with their commander about pay but that he had "run away."
Did it ever occur to you that he was a volunteer, too? Why was it you joined this particular glorious revolution?
Hotel security, themselves members of the forces that brought about the revolution, remonstrated with the protesters. "I'm with you," the head of security said, "but just end this." His pleadings seemed to work. The protesters removed the road block and headed off elsewhere.

The protests have been growing in frequency and in the number with the approach of Eid. The previous day, groups of soldiers armed with both weapons and placards held up traffic in a succession of strikes across the city. By mid-evening, around 100 stopped traffic outside the city's top hotel, the Tibesti, where a number of foreign diplomats stay and have their offices.

There too, the main complaint was about pay. "No-one is paying attention to us," complained 25-year-old Abdullah Binhariz, a member of the Benghazi brigade. "Eid is very near and we don't have any money to celebrate."

Despite the inconvenience of blocked streets and traffic jams, drivers backed the soldiers, hooting their horns in solidarity and giving thumbs-up signs.

Money was not the only complaint. Apart from the claims about lack of treatment for injured colleagues in hospital, a claim the NTC has vehemently denied, there was clear concern about exactly where the NTC was taking Libya and fears that Benghazi was again being side-lined as it had been under former dictator Muammar Qaddafi. The future, the protesters said, was now "a mystery to us."

"We must have a federal system like the US," Issa Mahmoud, university student turned fighter, said, "Like Canada and the UAE," said fellow protester Mohamed Assaiti, Benghazi had to have its own state government, he insisted. The others agreed. "No to Tripoli," they insisted.

There was also opposition to certain individuals in government, notably the TNC's deputy leader and official spokesman, Abdul Hafez Ghoga. "Jibril good, Ghoga no good," the demonstrators chanted. "No to bad leaders."

The demonstration may also have been prompted by Monday's decision by the TNC to appoint Abdel Rahman Al-Kib, from Tripoli, as prime minister in place of Mahmoud Jibril. "We know nothing about Al-Kib," several demonstrators complained.

The US educated Jibril is popular in Benghazi but had been the focus of attacks from Libya's Muslim Brotherhood led by Ali Al-Salabi. In fact, Jibril had promised to resign as soon as Libya was declared liberated. That declaration was made on Sunday, Oct. 23. His resignation is, however, not a victory for Al-Salabi whose own popularity took a tumble after he appeared on Al Jazeera TV in September calling for Shariah law in Libya. There were mass demonstrations against him with protesters stating that he had no mandate to say what sort of society Libya should become. NTC head Mustafa Abdul Jalil has since said that Shariah will be the basis of law in Libya although exactly what this means is unclear and any decision will be made by the elected assembly that draws up a new constitution.

On Wednesday, some protesters tried to strike a conciliatory note. "The TNC does not have a magic wand," said one of them, Sulaiman Tayira. "It cannot change the system in eight months. But we don't want the old people (Qaddafi supporters) back."

"We want to be a democracy. We want to be a normal Muslim country," said another protester.

But given the protesters' anger on Thursday, the TNC will have to react fast. "This will get bigger if the soldiers are not paid," noted one local journalist. "These men will have to be promised something before Eid."

Africa North
Libya NTC Officially Recognises Syrian Opposition
[Tripoli Post] Libya's Transitional National Council, NTC, officially recognised the Syrian opposition council on Wednesday as the legitimate authority in Syria. This recognition follows months of unrest against Syrian President Bashar Al Assad that has left over 3,000 civilians dead.

Libya's interim government said in a statement: "The NTC expresses its full recognition of the Syrian National Council as the legitimate ruler of Syria."

Africa North
Muggsy demands that TNC talk to Gaddafi
President Robert Mugabe Sunday called for Libya's transitional government and its leader to negotiate with fugitive Libyan leader Moamer Gaddafi as a precondition for recognizing it, dpa reported.

Mugabe threatened that until the talks with Gaddafi happen, his country and African leaders would not recognize the Transitional National Council (TNC), headed by Mustafa Abdul Jalil.
Okay, don't. The TNC will have the oil. They'll sell the oil to Y'urp. They'll have cash, real cash, not Zim-Bob dollars. Think about that.
Mugabe's threat on behalf of fellow African leaders appeared to be unclear on the concept out of step with a move last week by the Africa Union, to which Zimbabwe as well as Libya belong.

The African Union (AU) recognized Libya's Transitional National Council as the representative of the Libyan people as they form an all-inclusive transitional government that will occupy the Libyan seat at the African Union. South Africa, the continent's power house, also individually recognized the TNC.

Last week, the United Nations recognized the TNC as representing Libya, and Abdul Jalil met with US President Barack Obama and other world leaders.

During months of ongoing protests and harsh reprisals against demonstrators in Libya, South Africa and other African countries had tried in vain to negotiate a peace between Gaddafi and the rebels.

Mugabe, 87, made his remarks upon his arrival at Harare international airport from his appearance at the United Nations General Assembly. In his speech in New York, he charged that NATO had "invaded" Libya to benefit from the country's oil.

"As far as we are concerned, the African position is that the (TNC) can only have a seat in the AU if the summit of the AU recognises that in fact they are in control," Mugabe told reporters.

"We will not go as far as European and NATO countries to recognise them as the absolute authority as we still want negotiations between the (TNC) and the Gaddafi loyalists," Mugabe said.

Last month, Harare expelled Libyan ambassador to Zimbabwe Taher Elmagrahi and his entire staff after he openly supported the transitional council.

Africa North
Libya: The real war starts now
h/t Gates of Vienna
Enough about The Big G's downfall. Now comes the real nitty-gritty; Afghanistan 2.0, Iraq 2.0, or a mix of both.

The "NATO rebels" have always made sure they don't want foreign occupation. But the North Atlantic Treaty Organization - which made the victory possible - can't control Libya without boots on the ground. So multiple scenarios are now being gamed in NATO's headquarters in Mons, Belgium - under a United Nations velvet cushion.

According to already leaked plans, sooner or later there may be troops from Persian Gulf monarchies and friendly allies such as Jordan and especially NATO member Turkey, also very keen to bag large commercial contracts. Hardly any African nations will be part of it - Libya now having being "relocated" to Arabia.

The Transitional National Council (TNC) will go for it - or forced to go for it - if, or when, Libya spirals into chaos. Still it will be an extremely hard sell - as the wildly disparate factions of "NATO rebels" are frantically consolidating their fiefdoms, and getting ready to turn on each other.

There's no evidence so far the TNC - apart from genuflecting in the altar of NATO member nations - has any clue about managing a complex political landscape inside Libya.

Africa North
US: Libyan Jihadists planning moves toward Islamist state
A U.S. government report circulated Tuesday said extremists were observed "strategizing" on Internet forums about how to set up an Islamist state in Libya after the regime of Col. Gadhafi is defeated. Some U.S. officials sought to play down the remarks by noting that such Internet postings are not always accurate measures of jihadist plans. The report said the jihadists' strength and influence on the ground "are uncertain at this time."

However, the report said the jihadist plotting coincided with the high-profile emergence of Abu Abdallah al-Sadiq, a former leader of the al Qaeda-linked Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) and now a leading rebel. About 1,000 jihadists are operating covertly in Libya, Noman Benotman, a former Libyan al Qaeda member, told The Washington Times in March.

According to a translation of the forum exchanges, Libyan Islamists view the fall of Tripoli to rebels as the initial phase of a battle to take over the country. Jihadists were urged to prepare for the next stage in the battle: taking on secular rebels and the interim National Transitional Council, sometimes called the Transitional National Council, the secular political organization that is mainly pro-democratic.

Africa North
Dupe URL: US: Libyan Jihadists plan Islamist state
A U.S. government report circulated Tuesday said extremists were observed “strategizing” on Internet forums about how to set up an Islamist state in Libya after the regime of Col. Gadhafi is defeated. Some U.S. officials sought to play down the remarks by noting that such Internet postings are not always accurate measures of jihadist plans. The report said the jihadists’ strength and influence on the ground “are uncertain at this time.”

However, the report said the jihadist plotting coincided with the high-profile emergence of Abu Abdallah al-Sadiq, a former leader of the al Qaeda-linked Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) and now a leading rebel. About 1,000 jihadists are operating covertly in Libya, Noman Benotman, a former Libyan al Qaeda member, told The Washington Times in March.

According to a translation of the forum exchanges, Libyan Islamists view the fall of Tripoli to rebels as the initial phase of a battle to take over the country. Jihadists were urged to prepare for the next stage in the battle: taking on secular rebels and the interim National Transitional Council, sometimes called the Transitional National Council, the secular political organization that is mainly pro-democratic.

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