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#1 When our task forces in Afghanistan were shut down in '97 by weak willed and self absorbed administrations, the ISI ran amok from the NWFP along the northern hindukush for 10 years. Our policy with Afghanistan and Balochistan the fourth province of pakistain, and future independent state of the Baloch people was continued to be on the lines drawn arbitrarily for us by the inept, lazy R&AW an agency populated by political appointees from the police cadres superseding and often commandeering MI and foreign office resources and personnel, to largely no result. It was only after the proven ineptitude of the 'agents' whose work in the Registan periodically required taxpayer funded trips to Switzerland and Honolulu, that in 2002 the govt allowed the DIA to actively target ISI sponsored illicit trade and funding of the taliban, however once again, we were not to interfere with actual delivery of weapons, training grounds or recruitment. Meanwhile, the pakstain media went at the R&AW smearing it as a terror financing machine of mayhem, responsible for every blast and fatality in Afghanistan, that we were instigating revolt, we want their resources, we want to install a stooge in the democratic govt, we would rig the elections, we are assasinating mullahs left and right, blowing up mosques. Only those who've worked with us know what kind of demotivated imbeciles work foreign intelligence in India.
No Afghan actually believes the official Dawn and Tribune line. India is yugely popular with the citizens because of 1. The historic, cultural connect. 2. We never did them any wrong, despite our islamonausea and always support their desire for progressive reforms in society. It was said Indira Gandhi and Leonid Brezhnev had reached an understanding that New Delhi would educate the Afghans, promote progress in academia and provide an environment conducive to acceptance of socialism; while Moscow provides academics and doctrinaires for the eventual 'democracy' to come. Of course, that plan went to hell after '91. However, it left India and Afghanistan with strong civil society ties, cultural associations and exchanges. During this time, the Afghan people imbibed principles of working socialist democracy, the responsibilities of a Government and ideas of religious and scholastic liberty.
From early 2015, the Indian govt has invested moderately in infrastructure and education there, training engineers, agriculturists, funding schools, hosting their films, writers and artistes, etc. The US forces have actively protected and helped sustain these relations. Now, in the event of a pull out India would probably just step back and watch it all burn. far be it for India to lift a rifle, unless for posturing The situation in the sub-continent finally demands that we shed our 'India is a Dove of Peace' hubris and mobilize covert responses toward thwarting Pakistain's interference in negotiations of divvying up power in Afghanistan.
But of course, we won't.
It took 4 months for Turkey, which is already facing sanctions, to buy and receive their S400s from Russia. It took a year to negotiate the same trade for India, under no sanctions, and it'll take us another two to get even one system delivered.
I'm afraid one can only expect soft power support (in a rather non-committal sort of way) from allies like us.